The month of Ramzan is the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar. It is a month of great blessings for the Muslims. It requires a Muslim to fast from dawn till sunset, abstaining from eating, drinking and all other things that are against the morals. It is also a month of worship, empathy and forgiveness for all. To understand about Fasting in detail please visit the website Online Quran Lessons. This website is especially helpful for those who want to learn Quran online and those who want to know about Islam and its teachings.
Contrary to the Georgian Calendar the Islamic Calendar is in accordance with the lunar cycle. Thus the dates on which Ramzan fall according to the Georgian Calendar, vary. It is also difficult to predict the number of days in the month of Ramzan due to the same reason.
FASTING IN THE MONTH OF RAMZAN:
Fasting is the fourth pillar of Islam. It allows the Muslims to revive their relationship with Allah. They focus on earning the blessings and mercy of the Creator and abstain from all acts that might lead to Allah’s resentment.
Fasting is not just an act of restraining oneself from food and water but it is also an act of avoiding all sinful acts. A person who fasts in the month of Ramzan is also to keep his mind pure from all corrupt thoughts. Abstaining from eating and drinking but sticking to other immoral acts is meaningless as Allah does not need our hunger and thirst. Rather he wants us to establish a connection with Him and heal our faith and character as a Muslim. The Holy Prophet ﷺ also said:
Whoever does not abandon falsehood in word and action, then God has no need that they should leave their food and drink.
Fasting also induces empathy. A person who fasts experiences the pain and misery of the people who are not fortunate enough to get a meal whenever they feel hungry. It generates kindness and hospitality which are one of the favorite qualities of Allah, in man.
Fasting allows us to experience once a year what many throughout the world experience almost daily. Hunger, for them, is not a choice; it is simply a fact of life.
[Hamza Yusuf, a renowned Muslim scholar from California] It also reminds us to appreciate the kindness of Allah upon us and be thankful for His blessings. It also promotes frugality, a quality that is admired by Allah Almighty Himself.
SEHARI AND IFTAR:
The beginning of each fast is marked by the pre-sunrise meal called the Sehri (Sahoor). Muslims eat high-nutrient and hydrating foods that they have to subsist on the entire day. The Holy Prophet ﷺ promises the blessings of Allah on the person who eats Sehri:
Do Sahoor because in Sahoor there is blessings.
[Bukhari and Muslim] They break their fasts at sunset with a date or a sip of water followed by a well-deserved meal called the Iftar. The Muslims believe that the prayers of a person are particularly answered at the time of Iftar because Allah Almighty is delighted with His believers who fast the entire day solely out of love for Him.
Whatever is prayed for at the time of breaking the fast is granted and never refused.
[Tirmidhi] The person who sponsors the Iftar of another person is also promised a great reward by Almighty Allah:
Whoever feeds a fasting person will have a reward like that of a fasting person, without any reduction in his reward.
THE MONTH OF QURAN:
The month of Ramzan comes with a lot of blessings one of the greatest being the Holy Quran. The Holy Quran was revealed on the Holy Prophet ﷺ in the month of Ramzan in the year 610 C.E. It is the book of guidance for mankind. Muslims recite the Holy Quran on a regular basis in daily life in order to seek Allah’s blessings but in the month of Ramzan they are advised especially to recite and understand the Holy Quran as a means of getting close to Allah.
It was in the month of Ramadan that the Quran was revealed as guidance for mankind … distinguishing between right and wrong. So any one of you who is present that month should fast, and anyone who is ill or on a journey should make up for the lost days by fasting on other days later. God wants ease for you, not hardship. He wants you to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him for having guided you, so that you may be thankful.
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It is the congregational prayer offered by Muslims after they break their fast. It is offered throughout the month of Ramzan and is considered a means of establishing a connection with Almighty Allah. Over the course of the month, the entire Quran is commonly recited in these night prayers. It is another way to get re-strengthen our relationship with Allah.
LAILA TUL QADR:
Although the entire month of Ramzan is a blessed and holy one but the last ten days are considered the holiest and the Muslims strive the hardest to achieve closeness to Allah, during these days. The night of Power (Laila tul Qadr) falls on any one of the odd nights of the last ten days. Muslims increase their worships and supplications to find this night. It is said in the Holy Quran that the night of Power is better than a thousand months which means that the prayer and supplications offered in this night are better than those done in a thousand month. Thus it holds a great importance.
EID UL FITR:
The end of Ramzan is marked by the sighting of the new moon which is followed by the celebration of Eid ul Fitr. It is a special gift from Allah to the Muslims who have spent the entire month trying to earn His contentment.
The Muslims get up early in the morning and head to the mosques for the brief Eid Sermon and to offer Eid prayers. They thank Allah for helping them seek His content in the month of Ramzan. Before attending the Eid prayer, the head of the house gives a special charity on behalf of the entire household called the Zakat al Fitr which is aimed at spreading the joys of Eid among the poor and the needy so that they don’t feel left out during the celebrations.
The day is filled with celebration, socializing, festive meals and modest gift-giving, especially to children. Muslims feel a sense of happiness and a renewed energy to face the rest of the year with faith and determination.