Justice means placing things in their rightful place. In general, justice refers to identical treatment to all, irrespective of their race, cast, color, gender and social or financial status. It is a moral virtue and a fine attribute of the human personality. In Islam justice means giving equal rights and treatment to others.
Justice is close to equality in the sense that it creates a state of equilibrium in the distribution of rights and duties, but they are not identical. The Prophet (SAW) declared about Justice in Islam in a way:
THERE ARE SEVEN CATEGORIES OF PEOPLE WHOM GOD WILL SHELTER UNDER HIS SHADE ON THE DAY WHEN THERE WILL BE NO SHADE EXCEPT HIS. (ONE IS) THE JUST LEADER.
[SAHIH MUSLIM] Under normal circumstances many people can be just. But Islam commands its followers to be just even in the face of strong conflicting emotions. In dealing with other human beings, two major hurdles to justice are love and hatred. The Holy Quran teaches us to overcome these impediment when we are dealing with our closest relatives or even ourselves.
O YE WHO BELIEVE! STAND OUT FIRMLY FOR JUSTICE, AS WITNESSES TO ALLAH, EVEN AS AGAINST YOURSELVES, OR YOUR PARENTS, OR YOUR KIN, AND WHETHER IT BE (AGAINST) RICH OR POOR: FOR ALLAH CAN BEST PROTECT BOTH. FOLLOW NOT THE LUSTS (OF YOUR HEARTS), LEST YE SWERVE, AND IF YE DISTORT (JUSTICE) OR DECLINE TO DO JUSTICE, VERILY ALLAH IS WELL-ACQUAINTED WITH ALL THAT YE DO.
O YE WHO BELIEVE! STAND OUT FIRMLY FOR ALLAH, AS WITNESSES TO FAIR DEALING, AND LET NOT THE HATRED OF OTHERS TO YOU MAKE YOU SWERVE TO WRONG AND DEPART FROM JUSTICE. BE JUST: THAT IS NEXT TO PIETY: AND FEAR ALLAH. FOR ALLAH IS WELL-ACQUAINTED WITH ALL THAT YE DO.
[QURAN 5:8] According to this verse, Islam strictly directs its followers to adopt justice even if it’s against our closest relations. It might seem, at the moment, that it is not in their best interest but in the long run Allah always rewards just behavior.
To know more about the Quran and understand justice described in the Holy Quran and to learn how to read the Quran please visit Online Quran Lessons. We provide online Quran teachers for online Quran classes. They can also help you learn Tajweed online. For course detail and registration please visit our website.
IMPORTANCE OF JUSTICE IN THE QURAN:
There are many occasions in the Holy Quran when Allah has commended justice:
GOD COMMANDS JUSTICE AND FAIR DEALING…
[QURAN 16:90] In another verse, Allah commands His believers to practice justice, in the words:
O YOU, WHO BELIEVE, BE UPRIGHT FOR GOD, AND (BE) BEARERS OF WITNESS WITH JUSTICE
[QURAN 5:8] It is said in another verse:
… INDEED, ALLAH LOVES THOSE WHO ACT JUSTLY.
[QURAN 60:8] Thus justice is extremely important, especially for those who seek Allah’s love and affection. Another verse of the Holy Quran states:
O YOU WHO HAVE BELIEVED, BE PERSISTENTLY STANDING FIRM IN JUSTICE, WITNESSES FOR ALLAH, EVEN IF IT BE AGAINST YOURSELVES OR PARENTS AND RELATIVES. WHETHER ONE IS RICH OR POOR, ALLAH IS MORE WORTHY OF BOTH….
[QURAN 4:135] Allah has asked His believers to maintain the system of justice even if it goes against their family and friends.
The sole purpose of sending the Prophets was also to establish justice in the society. By establishing justice one means that each and every person is given his/her rights. This statement though simple enough, is quite complex in its implementation as it requires strict control and sacrifice. To guide the people, Allah sent down the prophets with clear signs, the Book, and the Balance. The Book contains the revelations that spell out what’s fair and unfair or right and wrong. The Balance refers to our ability to measure and calculate so we can follow the path shown by the Book and explained by the Prophets.
In order to study the Book of Allah in detail, to understand the message contained in it and to learn how to read the Quran please visit Online Quran Lessons. We provide online Quran teachers for online Quran classes. They can also help you learn Tajweed online. For course detail and registration please visit our website.
IMPORTANCE OF JUSTICE IN SUNNAH:
Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ is the practical example of the teachings of Islam. He is the messenger of Allah and superior to all humans. Even before prophecy, he ﷺ was respected in the Arab because of his honesty and justice, therefore Muslims always looked up to him in all their affairs. The Prophet ﷺ Himself made sure that all situations were handled with justice and equity.
We can get many examples of justice from the life of Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ which inspires us to practice justice in all aspects of life.
A woman of the Makhzoom family was found guilty of theft. For the prestige of the Quraish tribe, some prominent people including Usaamah Ibn Zayd, interceded to save her from punishment. The Prophet ﷺ refused to forgive the crime and expressed displeasure saying:
MANY A COMMUNITY RUINED ITSELF IN THE PAST AS THEY ONLY PUNISHED THE POOR AND IGNORED THE OFFENSES OF THE EXALTED. BY ALLAH, IF MUHAMMAD’S (MY) DAUGHTER FATIMAH WOULD HAVE COMMITTED THEFT, HER HAND WOULD HAVE BEEN SEVERED.
[BUKHARI] He ﷺ made no distinction among the people when it came to justice, be it believer or non-believer, friend or enemy. Another incident quoted in Abu-Dawood states that a chief of a tribe, Sakhr, had helped the Prophet ﷺ greatly in the siege of Taaif, for which He ﷺ was naturally obliged to him. After some time, two charges were brought against Sakhr: one by Mugheera – of illegal confinement of his (Mugheera’s) aunt and the other by Banu Saalim – of forcible occupation of his spring by Sakhr. In both cases, Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ decided against Sakhr and made him undo the wrong.
Another incident quotes that Abdallah Ibn Sahl was deputed to collect rent from Jews of Khyber. His cousin Mahisah accompanied him but, on reaching Khyber, they had separated. Abdallah was waylaid and done to death. Mahisah reported this tragedy to the Holy Prophet ﷺ but as there were no eye-witnesses to identify the guilty, He ﷺ did not say anything to the Jews and paid the blood-money out of the state revenues.
If we study the life of the Holy Prophet ﷺ in detail, we can find countless such examples where He ﷺ put justice above all.
Justice is an essential part of Islamic teachings and should be part of every faith messenger. The foundation of a territory is justice that Allah has loved for His worshipper and commanded His messenger too. Those who will neglect justice will in the lowest steep of hell and the oppressed will get their due rights.