The word Tauheed comes from the verb wahab which means ‘to unite’. In the Islamic perspective Tauheed means to believe in the oneness of God, to believe that Allah is unique in His personality and attributes. It is the essence of the religion of Islam. Whosoever does not acknowledge Allah as unique, without a partner or associate, does believe in Tauheed and is a Mushrik (one who commits Shirk).
Tauheed is also emphasized upon in the Holy Quran. To learn about Tauheed in the light of the Quran we recommend you to take online Quran classes. We at Online Quran Lessons have highly qualified online Quran teachers for online Quran classes to help you understand the Quran. Our expert online Quran teachers can also help you learn Tajweed online. We also provide female online Quran teacher for female students. We offer online Quran Hifz course aswell. To view details of our online Quran learning course please visit our website and register now for our free online Quran learning trial classes.
The branches of Tauheed that we see today were not constructed by the Holy Prophet ﷺ or his companions. The Muslims of that time were very clear in their concepts of Islam as they had been taught by the best teacher, the Holy Prophet ﷺ himself. But when Islam began to spread and people of different religions started reverting to Islam they brought with them their own concepts of God and tried to merge them with the Islamic concept of Tauheed. Soon the situation became so out of hands that the Muslims scholars had to divide the concept of Tauheed into three categories and acknowledging all these categories was declared mandatory for Muslims.
- Tauheed ar-rububiyah
- Tauheed al-asma was-sifaat, and
- Tauheed al-ibadah or Tauheed al-uluuhiyah
Tauheed has been likened to a tree, the roots being Tauheed ar-rububiyah, the trunk being Tauheed al-asma was-sifaat, and the fruit being Tauheed al-`ibadah.
Let us look at the categories of Tuheed in some detail.
TAUHEED AR-RUBUBIYAH: ONENESS OF LORDSHIP
All of mankind readily recognizes this aspect of Tauheed as it is imprinted on our nature. This belief signifies the oneness of Allah in his actions. This belief implies that Allah is the only Lord of everything in Creation, the Owner and the only maintainer/sustainer of everything that exists.
This category of Tauheed necessitates the following beliefs: everything that happens in creation is by the will and permission of Allah; sustenance and provision are from Allah alone; life and death are in His control only; all blessings and disasters come from Him only; guidance and counselling is by the will of Allah alone; Allah alone has knowledge of the unseen; nobody has any rights over Allah unless He Himself has laid down such upon Himself; legislation and prescribing a way of life is the right of Allah alone, among other things.
TAUHEED AL-ASMA WAL SIFAAT: ONENESS OF ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTES AND NAMES:
This aspect of Tauheed includes the belief in only those attributes of Allah almighty which He Himself has mentioned in the Holy Quran or which His Prophets have associated with Him. It is the belief that these attributes are unique to Allah Almighty alone and no other being in this world shares them with Him. Such affirmation is without distortion, interpretation, denial, nor are they depicted in a way that makes His attributes similar to His creation, and without stating how the attributes are. We do not deny His the formation of His Lordship nor do we deny existence. We believe that He has been there before the beginning of times. We do not question how this has happened because the answer to this is unknown. Belief in these facts is obligatory and questioning them is innovation. Belief in this aspect of Tauheed requires both negation and affirmation for
“There is nothing similar to Him, and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing.”
The more one knows about Allah and His names and attributes, the more one will love, desire to please and have Allah pleased with him. Hence, the correct understanding of the names and attributes of Allah is very important and beneficial.
TAUHEED AL-IBADAH / TAUHEED AL-ULUHIYAH:
Because Allah is the sole Creator and Maintainer of the universe, we should worship Him alone. For a long time, people have offered prayers, supplication, and even animal or human sacrifice for the sake of nature, people, and idols. Islam teaches that the only being worthy of worship is Allah. Allah alone should be the center our prayers, praise, obedience, and hope.
Any time a Muslim invokes a special “lucky” charm, calls for “help” from ancestors, or makes a vow “in the name of” specific people, they are negligently steering away from Tauheed al-Uluhiyah.
During every single Namaz people recite the following verses of the Holy Quran in order to fiulfill Tauheed al Uluhiyah:
“Thee alone do we worship; and unto Thee alone do we turn for aid”
[Quran 1:5] The Quran further says:
Say: “Behold, my prayer, and (all] my acts of worship, and my living and my dying are for God [alone], the Sustainer of all the worlds, in whose divinity none has a share: for thus have I been bidden—and I shall [always] be foremost among those who surrender themselves unto Him.”
Said [Ibrahim a.s]: “Do you then worship, instead of God, something that cannot benefit you in any way, nor harm you? Fie upon you and upon all that you worship instead of God! Will you not, then, use your reason?”
[Quran 21:66-67] The Quran specifically warns about those who claim that they worship Allah when they are really seeking help from intermediaries or intercessors. We are taught in Islam that there is no need for intercession, because Allah is close to us:
And if My servants ask thee about Me—behold, I am near; I respond to the call of him who calls, whenever he calls unto Me: let them, then, respond unto Me, and believe in Me, so that they might follow the right way.
Is it not to God alone that all sincere faith is due? And yet, they who take for their protectors aught beside Him [are wont to say], “We worship them for no other reason than that they bring us nearer to God.” Behold, God will judge between them [on Resurrection Day] with regard to all wherein they differ; for, verily, God does not grace with His guidance anyone who is bent on lying [to himself and is] stubbornly ingrate!
[Quran 39:3] To learn more about how the concept of Tauheed has been explained in the Holy Quran, we recommend you to take online Quran classes at Online Quran Lessons. We have highly qualified online Quran teachers for online Quran classes to help you understand the Quran. Our expert online Quran teachers can also help you learn Tajweed online. We also provide female online Quran teacher for female students. We offer online Quran Hifz course aswell. To view details of our online Quran learning course please visit our website and register now for our free online Quran learning trial classes.
Thus submitting our loyalties to Allah and basing all actions on the guidance of Allah is essential for one’s faith to be complete and there is no proper implementation of Shahadah without it. Thus nothing seems to be more stressed upon than the concept of Tauheed.